Dix, Otto

(1891-1969)
   artist; best known for his harsh portraits of postwar German society. Born in Untermhaus, near Gera, he studied art privately in 1905-1909 while working in Gera as a decorator's apprentice. His artistic train-ing began in 1909 at Dresden's Technische Hochschule; he remained in the Saxon capital for five years. But it was his wartime ordeal as commander of a machine-gun unit that led to the stark black-and-white drawings of the 1920s. After the war he returned to Dresden to study at the prestigious Kunstakademie.
   Although Dix was a founding member of Dresden's predominantly Expres-sionist Sezessiongruppe 1919, his work increasingly reflected the mentality es-poused by German Dada.* Intent on rendering the dreadful reality of both the war and postwar German society, he rejected Expressionism* and endeavored, as he later explained, "to achieve a representation of our age, for I believe that a picture must above all express a content, a theme." In concert with George Grosz,* his art linked humor with irony and satire. The themes of poverty, suffering, and prostitution were central to his attack on the morality of postwar bourgeois society. During 1922-1925 he studied at the Düsseldorf Kunstaka-demie, became a member of the group Das junge Rheinland, and worked pri-marily in watercolors. Having joined and exhibited with the Berliner Sezession in 1924, Dix relocated to Berlin* in 1925 and worked as a freelance artist. Reducing the irony and eroticism evident in much of his early Weimar work, his Berlin period (1925-1927) was marked by his pitilessly realistic portraiture. With some regret he left Berlin in 1927 to begin a successful teaching career at Dresden's Kunstakademie. Appointment to the Prussian Academy of Arts fol-lowed in 1931. His art, especially after 1929, was increasingly obsessed with war, death, and dying, perhaps best depicted in his graphic cycle Krieg (War), painted during 1929-1932.
   When the Nazis seized power, most of Dix's work was labeled pornographic or grotesquely unheroic. Dismissed from his post and forced to resign his mem-bership in the Prussian Academy, he was forbidden to exhibit in 1934. About 260 of his works were impounded; 26 were included in the 1937 traveling exhibition Entartete Kunst (Degenerate Art). In 1939 he was briefly arrested under suspicion of being part of a Munich conspiracy to assassinate Hitler.* Inducted into the army in 1945, he spent several months as a French prisoner of war.
   REFERENCES:Barron, "Degenerate Art";Löffler, Otto Dix.

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

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  • Dix, Otto — born Dec. 2, 1891, Untermhaus, Thuringia, Ger. died July 25, 1969, Singen, Baden Württemberg, W.Ger. German painter and printmaker. He studied at the academies of Düsseldorf and Dresden and experimented with Impressionism and Dada before arriving …   Universalium

  • Dix, Otto —    see Dix, Wilhelm Heinrich Otto …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • Dix, Otto — ► (1891 1969) Pintor y grabador alemán. En un estilo naturalista denunció los horrores de la guerra: Tríptico de la guerra (1923 32) y La gran ciudad (1927 28). * * * (2 dic. 1891, Untermhaus, Turingia, Alemania–25 jul. 1969, Singen, Baden… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Dix, Otto —    см. Дикс, Otto …   Энциклопедический словарь экспрессионизма

  • Otto Kaiser (Künstler) — Otto Quirin (* 7. März 1927 in Mönchengladbach), eigentlich Otto Kaiser ist einer der wichtigsten Maler der lyrischen Abstraktion in Deutschland. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Auszeichnungen 3 Werk 4 Ausstellungen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • DIX — ist der Name folgender Personen: Alexander Dix (* 1951), deutscher Jurist; derzeitiger Beauftragter für Datenschutz und Informationsfreiheit des Landes Berlin Arthur Dix (1875–1935), deutscher Ökonom und Geopolitiker Dorothea Lynde Dix… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • DIX (O.) — DIX OTTO (1891 1969) Le peintre allemand Otto Dix a joué vers 1925 un rôle capital au sein de la Neue Sachlichkeit («nouvelle objectivité»). Il est passé par l’impressionnisme et par un cubisme décoratif déjà allégorique quand, en 1920, il se… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • dix — [ dis ] devant une pause; [ di ] devant une consonne; [ diz ] devant une voyelle adj. numér. inv. et n. • dis, diz 1050; lat. decem I ♦ Adj. numér. card. Nombre entier naturel équivalant à neuf plus un (10; X). ⇒ déca . 1 ♦ Avec l art. défini,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Dix — (ant.) m. Dije. * * * dix. m. ant. dije (ǁ adorno que se ponía a los niños). || 2. ant. dije (ǁ joya, alhaja). * * * Dix, Otto …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Otto Dix — Este artículo trata sobre un pintor alemán. Para la banda rusa de dark wave, véase Otto Dix (banda). Otto Dix, en un autorretrato reproducido en un cartel …   Wikipedia Español

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